Conferências FFLCH - USP, I Congresso Internacional Pensamento e Pesquisa sobre a América Latina

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A critical view of the Brazilian role inside MERCOSUR
Fernanda Castro Gastaldi

##manager.scheduler.building##: Departamento de Geografia da FFLCH - USP Sala 11
Data: 2019-05-09 02:00  – 05:00
Última alteração: 2019-05-02


MERCOSUR (The Southern Common Market) is a regional integration process, initially established by Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. The main objective of the bloc has been the promotion of a common space that generates investment and business opportunities through the competitive integration of national economies into the international space. In order to comprehend the process of MERCOSUR consolidation and its current situation, some notion about the phenomenon of regional integration is required. There is a general logic: regional integration is a product of varied forces with some recurring regularities. In this sense, MERCOSUR is an outcome of international dynamics and national claims. Brazil is the prominent member of the bloc, both in the economic and the political fields. It is the only state potentially able to exercise what Mattli (1999) defines as paymaster role within the scheme. In this article, Brazilian role within MERCOSUR is examined - in terms of foreign policy and international dynamics - based on Mattli's (1999) assumptions. It is concluded that as a consequence of Brazil’s resistance to effectively assume the paymaster role, the current imperfect customs union may not develop further.


Brazil; MERCOSUR; regional integration; leadership; foreign policy.