Conferências FFLCH - USP, I Congresso Internacional Pensamento e Pesquisa sobre a América Latina

Tamanho da fonte: 
Gender in Brazilian Diplomacy: prohibiting the access of women in Getúlio Vargas’ Estado Novo (1937-1945)
Luah Tomas

Última alteração: 2019-03-16


This research examines the motivating discourse around the modernization process within the Brazilian public administration during the Getúlio Vargas government (1930-1945), specifically analyzing the administrative changes in the Ministry of Foreign Relations that resulted in prohibiting the access of women to the diplomatic career. This was institutionalized by the so-called Osvaldo Aranha reform of 1938, within the context of the dictatorial government of Estado Novo (1937-1945). Women were first allowed into the Foreign Ministry in 1918, and today, 100 years later, they represent only 22% of the Brazilian diplomatic corps. Using feminist and constructivist theories of International Relations to subsidize a discourse analysis, this research investigates the formation of the idea around the need to modernize the state bureaucracy, making it supposedly more rational and efficient, and how characteristics associated with femininity – and the presence of women, as the personification of these characteristics – were seen as counterproductive to the modernization process and to the instruments of Brazilian foreign policy.


Diplomacia; Gênero; Política Externa Brasileira; Brasil; Getúlio Vargas